TypewriterFrom The Urbach Letter October 2010

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Report from the Maker Faire MakerBot

You may not be aware of this but something interesting has been going on. People are making things with their own hands again. And when I say "things" I mean an incredible variety of items ranging from super low tech ("crafts" and the like) all the way to the highest of high tech (custom integrated circuits, robotic devices, and much more). People who do this call themselves Makers and they are an interesting bunch indeed. This past weekend they gathered at the site of the 1964 World's Fair in Flushing Meadows for a two-day event called the Maker Faire, a strange combination of a geekfest, Burning Man, TED Conference, and medieval faire. Held in and around the New York Hall of Science, the event attracted thousands of inventors, builders, gadgeteers, performance artists, knitters, soap-makers, lock-pickers, welders, techno-hippies, and a vast assortment of people fascinated with it all. More about the Faire in a moment.

Why is this Happening Now?
Why are many people so very interested in making stuff on their own these days? I believe there are several factors. First, it's a pendulum swing away from our commodity culture. For the past century, we've lived in a society where just about any item you could desire is available to you for immediate purchase. Our now-global manufacturing capability makes air conditioners, Blu-Ray players, hedge-trimmers, or whatever, available to you at a cheap price at your nearest big-box retailer. However, those same mega mass produced items are also made available to your neighbors and everyone else. There is no more pride of ownership, no uniqueness. The second factor is an evolution of "do-it-yourself." In the economic downturn, many people started to do things for themselves around the house that they used to pay others to do. For example, buying a hedge trimmer and grooming their own bushes rather than paying a gardener to do it. That activity may save some money and provide a degree of satisfaction of having done some hard work, but it does not feed the soul. There is a huge difference between "making" and "doing." You mow the lawn. That doing has resulted in a nice-looking front yard. But the grass grows back rapidly and you have to repeat your doing next week. There is no challenge, no opportunity for you to advance in your new part-time lawn-mowing "career." Contrast to that making, where you modify your lawn mower to run on waste cooking oil, or hack a GPS device to control the mower, or modify the blade so that it cuts ballpark-style patterns in the lawn, etc. You get the idea. The third factor I attribute to Chris Anderson, who delivered the Faire's opening address (more on that later). Simply put, the reason we're making stuff now is because we can. The tools to do so have become accessible.

All this is best illustrated by example, so I'm going to give you a bit of a walking tour of the Faire and show you some of the cool stuff that caught my eye. I suggest you start by clicking this link for a fast-moving 2-minute video overview.

Note: All photos below may be enlarged in your browser by clicking on them.

Signpost

First stop was the large "Maker Bot" tent area. What is a Maker Bot you ask? At first glance, it looks like a big toy with gears and wires and motors, but on closer inspection you see that it's actually a mini-factory. A Maker Bot is a 3-D printer. It connects to your computer and will "print" an actual physical object -- almost as easily as your LaserJet prints out this month's TPS report. Except, instead of toner or ink, the Maker Bot constructs any small object (up to 4" x 4" x 6" in size) out of strong ABS plastic -- right before your eyes, without any human intervention. Maker BotThe Makers are going wild about this device, which sells for just $899! Only a few short years ago, machines with similar (or inferior) production capacity cost $50,000 and up. It's not at all farfetched to predict that ten years from now you will have an "appliance" in your home capable of manufacturing a wide variety of things on demand, cheaper and better than you can buy at a store. Need a new toothbrush? Download the ergonomic design you prefer from the Internet, add your monogram, choose your school colors, and push a button. Want to design your own custom salt and pepper shakers? Done. Dashboard knob broke off in your car? No problem.

Mousetrap

As you can tell, I get pretty jazzed over cool tech like this. But the Maker Faire is much more than a bunch of nerdly types and gear heads fawning over the latest and greatest techno-marvel. The event also attracts those who think differently and express themselves through various forms of functional art. Example: somebody constructed a 25-ton fully-operational life-size mousetrap game.

Own RiskJet Ponies

A bunch of really-out-there folks from the "Madagascar Institute" built and operated several very dangerous carnival rides such as "Jet Ponies" (yes -- actually jet powered) and the 360 degree Swing of Death. What do you expect from an organization whose motto is "Fear is never Boring."

Chariot RaceThey also held a Mad Max-style chariot race with jet and gasoline-powered chariots. A huge crowd gathered for this and were witness to a rather spectacular crash (nobody was seriously injured).

 

 

Arc Attack

A musical group out of Austin Texas called Arc Attack brought a pair of 20' tall Tesla coils and performed in full chain mail from head to toe as ½ million volt lightning bolts hit their suits. I captured their finale on video and it is A MUST WATCH: Ozzy's Iron Man performed with a special-built all metal guitar. I've never experienced anything quite like it.


Click to Play (Totally worth it)

Grinder Sign AxeGrinder

A more participatory construction was the Axegrinder from Cyclecide, a 25-foot tall human-powered windmill that somehow produced music if you climbed up and pedaled it. (There was a long line of kids queued up for this).

 

Terminator

Kids were also eager to take the controls of this knife wielding industrial robot and make it do some scary-looking Terminator-style moves. Luckily, the knife was made from soft plastic. Even so, and perhaps needless to say, there were far more dads than moms bringing their offspring to this area...

Turbine Car Turbine Car

On the somewhat more practical side, there were a number interesting and offbeat vehicles on display, including this wicked turbine powered mini-offroader.

DecaDomeA bunch of innovative small buildings and shelters were site-built. This hybrid structure with geodesic roof called a DecaDome ships flat and can be assembled in about an hour using only a step ladder and a screwdriver.

Shelter 2.0

Above is a scale model for ultra-cheap, hurricane and earthquake resistant permanent housing -- a modern interpretation of the Quonset hut. Full size, it's 10' by 16' but can be manufactured in a one car garage, shipped flat, and assembled on site in just a day. The machine cut marine plywood panels lock together securely using only a few nails and screws. An organization called Shelter 2.0, designed the shelters and makes the plans available for free under what's known as a "Creative Commons License," so that high school shop classes and other organizations can build these shelters for those in need. Shelter 2.0 also builds and sells the structures to commercial customers for $3850 but for every four shelters sold, will donate one to a family in need. Cool business model and I wish them all the best in this endeavor.

Shelter 2.0And this "Mobile Kiosk" from RelaxShacks was built from reclaimed scrap wood for next to nothing. It's designed to function as a display and vending cart during the day and converts to sleeping quarters at night.

Speaker List

 

 

 

 

 

Chris AndersonAfter taking this all in, it was time to head inside the Hall of Science building's lecture hall for a full afternoon of great speaker presentations.

The highlight for me was Chris Anderson's opening session: "The Next Industrial Revolution." Anderson is editor-in-chief Wired (my hands-down favorite magazine) and author of ground-breaking books "The Long Tail: Why the Future of Business is Selling Less of More" and "Free: The Future of a Radical Price." He has a fascinating life story. His Swiss grandfather invented and patented the first automatic lawn sprinkler. Anderson spent his boyhood summers in grandfather's workshop, learning how to build things from scratch -- starting with a raw block of metal -- using a lathe and other machine tools. No wonder he has become one of the leading proponents of Maker culture.

Today, the heavy lifting of metalwork can be automated and/or outsourced. Technology advances over the last two decades -- enabled first by cheap and ubiquitous personal computers and the always-on web, and then by social networks and remote collaboration -- have set the stage for the next great leap forward. The past emphasis has been on creating, managing, transmitting, and accessing information. Data. Bits. Now, the common availability of cheap 3D printers and other automated "personal" manufacturing devices has enabled thousands of new microbusinesses, selling unique goods on Etsy, and providing the marketplace with what the mega corporations and big box retailers can't. Anderson said, "The past decade was about finding new social and innovation models on the web. The next decade will be about applying them to the real world." This is a trend to watch.

Welding LessonSome people are in the Maker community because they wish to leverage this new entrepreneurial opportunity while others have no overt profit motive. They are designing and building things for the personal satisfaction of the endeavor. Stepping back outside this was evident as I witnessed many groups of people -- men, women, kids of all ages -- engaged in learning new skills: how to weld, pick locks, make soap, and assemble circuit boards, to name just a few. The common element was fun. People were having a ball.

Shop Bot

 

 

 

 

 

Next stop was the ShopBot tent, where big CNC (computer controlled) woodworking tools were being demonstrated. You can see one in operation on my quick video walkthrough (link at beginning of this article). It's mesmerizing to watch a ShopBot tool create "something from a block of nothing."

EpilogThen I saw the big boy toy I really, really want: an Epilog Laser Engraver and Cutter. These are "laser printers on steroids," using super powerful beams to engrave and actually cut metal. Not cheap but very, very cool. And Ryan Sprole had the best business cards ever. He was engraving them on demand with his Epilog in the shape of an "Admit One" carnival ticket.

My final stop was with the nice folks at Shapeways, a Netherlands-based global mini manufacturer now setting up operations in the States. Shapeways is a manufacturing service bureau. They have the most advanced 3D printing technologies and can take your uploaded files, turn them into custom metal objects, and ship them anywhere in the world that UPS serves within 2 weeks. Shapeways also maintains a huge gallery of products for sale, many of which can be customized. A number of these were displayed at the Faire. Here I'm holding a really intriguing art piece that could not be easily manufactured by conventional means, but was just a button-push for a 3D printer.

Shapeways

That's a wrap for Maker Faire 2010. This was the first time the event was held in New York. It started in 2006 in California and the Bay Area Faire now attracts over 60,000 people. I have no doubt future East Coast Faires will become equally popular. I'll be back for sure.

-V-

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